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Published on 04/11/2016
Published on 11/19/2015
Ending Deforestation Would Cost Brazil 0.6% of GDP Until 2030
10/31/2017 - 10h16
FROM SÃO PAULO
The cost of bringing deforestation in Brazil to zero is very low. Bringing the cutting down of trees to a halt in forest areas such as the Amazon, the Cerrado and the Mata Atlântica - Brazil's main biomes for agricultural production and cattle raising - would reduce the overall GDP accumulated in Brazil until 2030 by R$ 46.5 billion (US$ 14.1 billion), or 0.62%.
The figure came up in a report conducted by Instituto Escolhas, which was released on Monday (30th). The amount averages out to R$ 3.1 billion a year (US$ 942 million), which is less than a third of the R$ 10 billion (US$ 3 billion) in subsidies that have been set aside for Brazil's 2017/2018 Harvest Plan.
The main question, however, is how much it would cost - in terms of carbon emissions, water resources and biodiversity - to continue to resort to deforestation: a question that is not addressed in the report called "What Impacts Would Zero Deforestation Have on Brazil?".
"The environmental gains are gigantic in terms of genetics and natural resources, that are squandered [by deforestation]", said the professor behind the estimate: Joaquim Bento de Souza Ferreira Filho, at the Luiz de Queiroz Superior School of Agriculture (Esalq/USP).
"It's a hard thing to quantify. If you don't have a consistent foundation, [the calculation] will not be accepted", he explained.
The report stuck to the negative impacts on GDP, leaving out gains (such as forest-based production): a conservative approach that sought to convey the perspective of producers in rural areas.
Agricultural production and cattle raising expanded throughout the country after environmental protections of natural forest areas were raised. Curtailing deforestation would imply restricting productions of the sort - unless productivity can be streamlined.
Translated by THOMAS MATHEWSON
|Lalo deAlmeida - 28.mar.2008|
|Helicopter used by the IBAMA ( Brazilian environment agency ) to locate deforestation flies over a devastated area in Mato Grosso state|