Whites Earn 74% More than Blacks in Brazil

Study shows inequality in income, housing, education and access to goods and services

São Paulo

​IBGE data show that white workers have an average income 74% higher than black and brown people, a difference that has remained practically stable over the recent years.

According to the survey "Social Inequalities by Color or Race", blacks and browns, who represent 56% of the Brazilian population, are disadvantaged in the labor market, have the worst indicators of income, housing conditions, education and access to goods and services, in addition to being more subject to violence and underrepresentation in management positions.


Black and Brown people with the same level of education even suffer disadvantages in the labor market. Underemployment, for example, is even more significant among those with higher education.

The average monthly income of white Brazilians, whether formal or informal workers, is R $ 2,796. Among blacks and browns, it is R$ 1,608, according to 2018 data. Proportionally, for every  R$ 1,000 paid to a white person, R$ 575 is paid to a black or brown worker.

"This relative difference corresponds to a pattern that repeats, year by year, in the available historical series," said IBGE in the study that considers data from 2012 to 2018.

Translated by Kiratiana Freelon

Read the article in the original language