Bolsonaro and Haddad Will Need To Change Constitution To Achieve Their Main Policy Proposals

Any constitutional changes require voting in both Houses, always in two rounds, with the agreement of three-fifths of all lawmakers

Guilherme Seto Marco Rodrigo Almeida
São Paulo

Some of the most important policy proposals from presidential candidates Jair Bolsonaro (PSL) and Fernando Haddad (PT) will require amendments to the 1988 Constitution in order to happen.

To pass any constitutional amendments, it's necessary to have the support of three-fifths of the Congress, which will be a difficult task in the upcoming political fragmented Senate and Lower House.

Bolsonaro wants to lower the age of criminal responsibility, first from 18 to 17 - and another president in the future could lower it further to 16. Among law scholars, there are doubts if this change would be even possible from a judicial standpoint since it would involve the right to live and international treaties Brasil has entered. The permission to economically develop indigenous peoples' reservations, another of Bolsonaro's proposal, would also demand a constitution amendment.

Presidential candidates Jair Bolsonaro (PSL) and Fernando Haddad (PT) - REUTERS

Among Haddad's policy proposals, there are at least seven that would also require changes in the Constitution, including the end of the government expenditure ceiling.

The PT candidate backed off from summoning a Constituent Assembly, a plan from the official policy proposals in the election's first round. In his turn, Bolsonaro publicly disavowed his running mate, who proposed a new Constitution to be written by a group of scholars and submitted to a public referendum.

Translated by NATASHA MADOV

Read the article in the original language