Brazil had 13.7 million people living below the extreme poverty line in 2019. Although the percentage of people in this condition has fallen compared to 2018, in absolute terms, the number remains stable in comparison with previous years.
According to the IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics) in its Summary of Social Indicators, the contingent represents 6.5% of the Brazilian population living on less than US $ 1.90 per day (R $ 151 per month, according to quotation and methodology used in the research).
The number indicates an increase of two percentage points compared with 2014, when the series reached its lowest indicator, of 4.5%. However, the index started to grow in 2015 and has been stable since 2017, when it reached 6.4%.
On the other hand, if considered the internationally recommended line for Brazil by the World Bank, the country's total poor - with an income of US $ 5.50 per day (R $ 436 per month, according to the survey) - surpassed 51 million people in 2019.
Translated by Kiratiana Freelon