A federal evaluation made with a sample of students from the 2nd year of elementary school in public schools shows that 17 Brazilian states have failed to reach the country's average in knowledge of the Portuguese language. In mathematics, 18 states did not reach the average.
The results reinforce the scenario of educational inequality and show the good results obtained by Ceará in recent years in literacy, even with a large percentage of poor students. Of the North and Northeast regions, only Ceará managed to stay above average in both disciplines. Also, children from Ceará have the highest average in Brazil both in Portuguese and in mathematics.
The sample evaluation results in 2019 were released by the National Institute of Educational Studies and Research (INEP) on Wednesday (4).
The results presented have a distribution of students in proficiency levels. However, neither INEP nor MEC (Ministry of Education) defined which levels are considered adequate.
Thus, it is impossible to know the percentage of literate students up to the 2nd year of elementary school. The government expects that, by this grade, seven-year-old children will be literate.
Translated by Kiratiana Freelon